Federal Mail Fraud Statute Law and Legal Definition

The Federal Mail Fraud Statute of 1872 is a federal law enacted to revise, consolidate, and amend the statutes relating to the Post-office department. The act makes it a federal offense to use the mails in connection with any scheme or artifice to defraud.

The mail fraud law serves as a broad and adaptable mechanism to deal with ever-changing varieties of fraud. Prosecutors have eagerly seized on this law to go after consumer frauds, investment scams, the filing of false insurance claims, election fraud, bribery, and other forms of public corruption.

Mail and Fraud charges are the most commonly tools federal prosecutors use in federal criminal white collar cases. The mail fraud statute involves a scheme to defraud, and a use of the mails for the purpose of executing the scheme.