Federal Noxious Weed Act Law and Legal Definition

The Federal Noxious Weed Act of 1974 ("FNWA") is a federal legislation enacted in 1975. The purpose of the FNWA was to manage and control the spread of noxious weeds. Pursuant to the Act, the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture was given the authority to declare plants "noxious weeds", and limit the interstate spread of such plants without a permit.

The FNWA was amended by the 1990 Farm Bill on November 28, 1990. The amendment requires the Bureau of Land Management, the National Park Service, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the U.S. Forest Service, and all other federal land managing agency to do the following:

a. Designate an office or person trained in managing undesirable plant species, to develop and coordinate a program to control such plants on the agency's land.

b. Ensure that the agency’s budget process adequately fund the plant management program.

c. Develop and implement cooperative agreements with the States regarding undesirable plants on agency land.

d. Establish integrated management systems to control or contain undesirable plants targeted under the cooperative agreements.

The provisions relating to the FNWA were found under 7 USCS §§ 2801 through 2814. The FNWA was superseded in 2000 by the Plant Protection Act, except for the amendment of 1990. 7 USCS §§ 2801 through 2813 now stands repealed.