Federal Nursing Home Reform Act (OBRA’87) Law and Legal Definition

Nursing Home Reform Act (OBRA’87) is a federal law that sets some standard of care and establishes certain rights for elderly persons in the U.S. The provisions of the Act are contained in Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987 (OBRA’87). The Act requires the states and federal government to inspect nursing homes and to enforce standards by using a range of sanctions. Nursing homes are required by law to provide residents with regular evaluations, complete care plans, nursing services, social services, rehabilitation, pharmaceutical care, dietary services and a full-time social worker. Some of the rights of nursing home residents conferred under the law are:

1.to admit and discharge oneself.

2.to be informed about and to control one’s own medical care.

3.to choose physician and treatment.

4.to administer drugs and to see medical records.

5.to be free from any physical or chemical restraints.

6.to manage own financial matters.

7.to receive or refuse visitors and access to a private telephone.