Federal Plant Pest Act Law and Legal Definition

The Federal Plant Pest Act (“Act”) is a federal legislation that prohibited the movement of plant pests from a foreign nation into or through the U.S., unless authorized by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The Act also restricted the movement of plant pests interstate. In 2000, the Act was superseded by the Plant Protection Act of 2000. The Plant Protection Act gave the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) the authority to inspect, take, quarantine, treat, destroy or dispose of imported plant and animal materials that are potentially harmful to U.S. agriculture, naturalk resources, horticulture, and forestry.