Federal Public Defender Organization Law and Legal Definition

Federal public defenders are federal entities constituted under the Criminal Justice Act [18 USCS § 3006A]. A federal public defender organization is created for a federal judicial circuit. The criminal defendants who are unable to manage their defenses are represented by a federal public defender organization.

The organization consists of a federal public defender and one or more full-time salaried attorneys. A federal public defender supervises the federal public defender organization. A federal public defender is appointed by the Court of Appeals for a term of four years. S/he by a majority vote of the judges of the court of appeals may continue in office even after expiration of the term for a period of one year or till the appointment of a new federal public defender. The compensation of the Federal Public Defender shall be fixed by the court of appeals of the circuit. It is the federal public defender who appoints the full-time attorneys in the organization with the approval of the court of appeals of the circuit. Other personnel’s are also appointed by the federal public defender in the organization with the approval of the Director of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts. Compensation paid to such attorneys and other personnel of the organization shall be fixed by the Federal Public Defender. Neither the Federal Public Defender nor any attorney may engage in the private practice of law.