Fine Law and Legal Definition

Fine have various meanings like:

1. A sum of money, which, by judgment of a competent jurisdiction, is required to be paid for the punishment of an offence. This is a pecuniary punishment imposed by court, upon a person convicted of crime or misdemeanor. Usually the amount of the fine is left to the discretion of the court. To prevent the abuse of excessive fines, the Constitution of the United States directs that 'excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

2. A fee paid by a tenant to the landlord at the commencement of the tenancy to reduce the rent payments. A money payment from a tenant to the tenant's lord is also called fine.

A special kind of conveyance used to disentail an estate. It was an amicable final agreement or compromise of a fictitious or actual suit to determine the true possessor of land. This puts an end, not only to the suit thus commenced, but also to all other suits and controversies concerning the same matter.