First Party Action Law and Legal Definition

First party actions are lawsuits brought by victims directly against their perpetrators.

In civil law, a first-party action can be brought by an insured against their own insurers.

The following is an example of a case law on first party action:

Any action instituted by an insured against the insurer is a first-party action regardless of whether the suit is based on direct, contractual liability. [Ensign-Bickford Indus. v. Great Am. Ins. Co., 2003 Conn. Super. LEXIS 2179, 4-5 (Conn. Super. Ct. 2003)].