Food and Drug Administration Law and Legal Definition
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is a federal agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The FDA is charged with the responsibility of protecting the public health by assuring the safety, efficacy, and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, U.S. food supply, medical devices, cosmetics, and products emitting radiation. The FDA also regulates the manufacture, marketing, and distribution of tobacco products.
The FDA consists of six product centers, one research center, and two offices. The FDA is responsible for enforcing Section 361 of the Public Health Service Act and the regulations associated with it. It is also responsible for advancing the public health by helping speed the innovation process to make medicines and foods more effective, safer, and more affordable. The FDA also helps the public obtain the accurate, science-based information they need to use medicines and foods, and to reduce tobacco use to improve health.
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