Free Government Law and Legal Definition

Free government is a republican form of government in which the powers are divided between departments, preferably, legislative, executive, and judicial.

The following is an example of a case law referring to free government:

Free government consists of three departments, each with distinct and independent powers, designed to operate as a check upon those of the other two co-ordinate branches. The legislative department makes the laws, while the executive executes and the judiciary construes and applies them. Each department is confined to its own functions and can neither encroach upon nor be made subordinate to those of another without violating the fundamental principle of a republican form of government. [In re Davies, 168 N.Y. 89, 101-102 (N.Y. 1901)].