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Legal code refers to a code of law adopted by a state or a nation. For example, the U.S. Code is a consolidation and codification by subject matter of the general and permanent laws of the U.S. The U.S. Code is prepared and published by a unit of the U.S. House of Representatives.
The power to create and enforce a legal code, both civil and criminal is one of the classic functions of a state. State alone is entitled to create a legal code. The state has the kind of direct stake in defending the standards embodied in the code. [Va. ex rel. Cuccinelli v. Sebelius, 2010 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 77678 (D. Va. 2010)].