Legation Law and Legal Definition

Legation as used in International law refers to the act or practice of sending a diplomat to another country. It is a diplomatic mission in a foreign country ranking below an embassy. It could also refer to a body of diplomats sent to a foreign country and headed by an envoy extraordinary or a minister plenipotentiary. The official residence of a diplomatic minister in a foreign country is also termed legation.

A legate refers to a person who is often sent as a representative of a state or of some high authority. A legate could be a member of a legation or diplomatic embassy.