Marine Mammal Commission Law and Legal Definition
The Marine Mammal Commission (“MMC”) is an independent agency of the U.S. government. It was established pursuant to 16 USCS § 1401 of the Marine Mammal Protection Act. MMC provides independent oversight of the marine mammal conservation policies and programs being carried out by other government agencies of the U.S.
The duties of the MMC are outlined in 16 USCS § 1402. MMC is responsible for conduct a continuing review of the condition of the stocks of marine mammals, of methods for their protection and conservation, and humane means of taking marine mammals. It is also responsible for conducting research programs and other studies necessary for the discharge of its duties. The section more specifically states the duties as follows:
16 USCS § 1402. Duties of Commission.
(a) Reports and recommendations. The Commission shall--
(1) undertake a review and study of the activities of the United States pursuant to existing laws and international conventions relating to marine mammals, including, but not limited to, the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling, the Whaling Convention Act of 1949 [16 USCS §§ 916 et seq.], the Interim Convention on the Conservation of North Pacific Fur Seals, and the Fur Seal Act of 1966;
(2) conduct a continuing review of the condition of the stocks of marine mammals, of methods for their protection and conservation, of humane means of taking marine mammals, of research programs conducted or proposed to be conducted under the authority of this Act, and of all applications for permits for scientific research, public display, or enhancing the survival or recovery of a species or stock;
(3) undertake or cause to be undertaken such other studies as it deems necessary or desirable in connection with its assigned duties as to the protection and conservation of marine mammals;
(4) recommend to the Secretary and to other Federal officials such steps as it deems necessary or desirable for the protection and conservation of marine mammals;
(5) recommend to the Secretary of State appropriate policies regarding existing international arrangements for the protection and conservation of marine mammals, and suggest appropriate international arrangements for the protection and conservation of marine mammals;
(6) recommend to the Secretary such revisions of the endangered species list and threatened species list published pursuant to section 4(c)(1) of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 [16 USCS § 1533(c)(1)] as may be appropriate with regard to marine mammals; and
(7) recommend to the Secretary, other appropriate Federal officials, and Congress such additional measures as it deems necessary or desirable to further the policies of this Act, including provisions for the protection of the Indians, Eskimos, and Aleuts whose livelihood may be adversely affected by actions taken pursuant to this Act.
Legal Definition list
Related Legal Terms
- 9/11 Commission Act
- Affiliate of a Futures Commission Merchant, Commodity Trading Advisor, Commodity Pool Operator or Introducing Broker
- Agreement on Border Environment Cooperation Commission
- Alaska Nanuuq Commission
- Alcohol Beverages Control Commission (ABCC)
- Alert [Nuclear Regulatory Commission]
- American Battle Monuments Commission
- Analytical Run [Nuclear Regulatory Commission]
- Antarctic Marine Living Resource Convention Act of 1984
- Antarctic Marine Living Resources