Military Deception Law and Legal Definition

Military deception means actions performed to amplify or deliberately mislead adversary military decision makers by using psychological operations, information warfare and other methods. It aims to force the enemy to take specific actions or inactions that will contribute to the accomplishment of the friendly mission. Miltary deception can be classified into the following five categories:

a. Strategic military deception, where the deception is planned and executed by and in support of senior military commanders. It aims to develop adversary military policies and actions that support the originator's strategic military objectives, policies, and operations.

b. Operational military deception, where the deception is planned and executed by and in support of operational-level commanders. Operational military deception is planned and conducted in a theater to assist campaigns and major operations.

c. Tactical military deception, where the deception is planned and executed by and in support of tactical commanders. to support battles and engagements.

d. Service military deception, where the deception is planned and executed by the Services that relate to Service support to joint operations. It is designed to protect and enhance the combat capabilities of Service forces and systems.

e. Military deception in support of operations security (OPSEC), where the deception is planned and executed by and in support of all levels of command. It aims to support the prevention of the inadvertent compromise of sensitive or classified activities, capabilities, or intentions.