Mine Safety and Health Administration [MSHA] Law and Legal Definition

The Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) is an agency of the U.S. Department of Labor. The MSHA was established by the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 and is the successor of the Mine Enforcement and Safety Administration.

The objectives of the MSHA are:

1. to enforce compliance with mandatory safety and health standards as a means to eliminate fatal accidents;

2. to reduce the frequency and severity of nonfatal accidents;

3 to minimize health hazards; and

4. to promote improved safety and health conditions in the nation's mines.