Minimal State Law and Legal Definition

Minimal state refers to a state with the least possible amount of powers. It is a term used in political philosophy where the state's duties are so minimal that they cannot be reduced much further without becoming a form of anarchy. In a minimal state, government's responsibilities are limited to protecting individuals from coercion, fraud and theft, to requiring reparation to victims, and to defending the country from foreign aggression. The only governmental institutions in a minimal state would be police, judicial systems, and the military.