Moderator Law and Legal Definition

The term moderator has different meanings in different context. It refers to any substance used to slow down neutrons in nuclear reactors, someone who presides over a forum or debate, or someone who mediates disputes and attempts to avoid violence.

In legal context moderator is one who conducts a meeting, particularly one for discussion of propositions and courses of action to be taken, such as the synod or assembly of a religious body.

A moderator is primarily the presiding officer at a town meeting called for the transaction of general business, and his duties as election officer, when any such duties devolve upon him, are an incidental and often but a small part of that which he is to do. The office is of ancient origin, and its incumbent is chosen by a vote of the people. [Wheeler v. Carter, 180 Mass. 382, 386 (Mass. 1902)].