Montevideo Convention Law and Legal Definition

Montevideo Convention refers to the Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States that established the standard definition of a state under international law. It was a treaty signed at Montevideo, Uruguay, on December 26, 1933, during the Seventh International Conference of American States. The agreement was signed by the U.S., Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela. The convention stipulated that all states were equal sovereign units consisting of a permanent population, defined territorial boundaries, a government, and an ability to enter into agreements with other states. The signatories to the treaty agreed that they would not intervene in the domestic or foreign affairs of another state, that they would not recognize territorial gains made by force, and that all disputes should be settled peacefully.