Motion for Judgment Notwithstanding the Verdict/Motion for Judgment N.O.V Law and Legal Definition

Motion for Judgment notwithstanding the verdict is a request made by a party to the court to enter a judgment in its favor despite the jury's contrary verdict because there is no legally sufficient evidentiary basis for a jury to find for the other party. The motion generally must be made in writing and must set forth the specific reasons entitling the party to relief. Many statutes and rules require that the moving party must have previously sought a directed verdict, and that the grounds for the JNOV motion be the same or nearly the same as those for the directed verdict. Courts approach motions for JNOV with extreme caution and generally will grant them only in clear cases in which the evidence overwhelmingly supports the moving party.

The phrase "judgment notwithstanding the verdict" is abbreviated JNOV, which stands for its Latin equivalent, judgment "non obstante veredicto." The remedy of JNOV applies only in cases decided by a jury. Under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, both a JNOV and a motion for directed verdict are encompassed within a motion for judgment as a matter of law. The change is one of terminology only and not of substance.