Possession Law and Legal Definition

Possession refers to the exercise of dominion over property, holding or having property in one’s power. It is the right under which a person can exercise control over something to the exclusion of all others. It is a continuing exercise of a claim to the exclusive use of a material object.

In Civil law, possession refers to detention or use of a physical thing with the intent to hold it as one’s own. Civil possession can be evidenced by such things as paying taxes on the property and granting rights of interest in it.

It could also refer to a territorial dominion of a state or nation.