Preemption Claimant Law and Legal Definition

Preemption claimant is a person who has settled on land subject to preemption, with the intention of acquiring title to it. And, has in good faith complied or is complying with the legal requirement to perfect the right.

A preemption claimant may make "settlement" upon land by actually establishing a residence thereon, but he may make "settlement" upon the land, within the meaning of the preemption law, without actually residing upon the land. [Wohlgemuth v. United States, 6 N.M. 568, 571 (N.M. 1892)].