Prenatal Test Law and Legal Definition

Prenatal tests means diagnostic or screening tests provided to a pregnant women seeking routine prenatal care. Such tests are conducted by a health care provider based on the patient's medical history, family background, ethnic background, previous test results, or other risk factors. Prenatal test is administered either on a required or recommended basis. Prenatal test can be conducted by means of amniocentesis, ultrasonography including nuchal translucency ultrasound, serum marker testing, or genetic screening. Such tests help to detect birth defects such as neural tube defects, chromosome abnormalities, down syndrome, genetic diseases, and other conditions such as spina bifida, cleft palate, Tay Sachs disease, sickle cell anemia, thalassemia, cystic fibrosis, and fragile x syndrome. In some situations, prenatal tests are performed for determining whether the fetus will be aborted. Physicians and patients find prenatal test as useful for diagnosing high-risk pregnancies at an early stage so that delivery can be scheduled in a tertiary care hospital where the baby can receive appropriate care.