Preparedness Movement Law and Legal Definition

The Preparedness Movement, was a campaign led by Leonard Wood and Theodore Roosevelt to strengthen the military of the United States after the outbreak of World War I. President Woodrow Wilson, who believed the United States should be in a position of unarmed neutrality, originally opposed the movement. Several organizations were formed around the Preparedness Movement and held parades and organized opposition to Wilson's policies. After the Lusitania was sunk by German U-boats on May 7, 1915 and Pancho Villa launched his raid against Columbus, New Mexico, Wilson's attitude changed. Congress passed the National Defense Act of 1916 on the third of June to authorize an enormous increase in the military, and the Preparedness Movement faded. The Preparedness Movement is also referred to as the Preparedness Controversy.