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A private adoption refers to an adoption in which the adoptive parents adopts a child they already know or adopt through an individual birth mother, and do not have to go through an adoption agency to acquire an adoptive child.
In intercountry adoption, private adoption occurs when arrangements for adoption are directly between a biological parent in one contracting state and prospective adopters in another contracting state.
In a private adoption process, the adoptive parents must acquire consent from the biological parents and follow some court procedures. In the U.S. the process for private adoption varies from state to state.