Private International Law Law and Legal Definition

The term private international law or conflict of laws regulates those disputes where the choice of which nation's or state's laws to apply could influence the outcome of a particular case. In the United States, the term conflict of laws is more commonly used. “Private international law is administered between private citizens of different countries or is concerned with the definition, regulation, and enforcement of rights in situations where both the person in whom the right inheres and the person upon whom the obligation rests are private citizens of different nations. It is a set of rules and regulations that are established or agreed upon by citizens of different nations who privately enter into a transaction and that will govern in the event of a dispute.” On the other hand, public international law means the set of rules entered into by the governments of various countries that determine the rights and regulate the intercourse of independent nations.