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In Criminal law, prosecution refers to a proceeding in which an accused person is tried. For example, the trial involved the prosecution of four defendants. It can also be the act of commencing and carrying out of any action or scheme or pursing a lawsuit or criminal trial.
Prosecution is also used to refer to the government attorneys who initiate and maintain a criminal action against an accused defendant. For example, the prosecution rests.
In Patent law, prosecution is the process of applying for a patent through the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and negotiating with the patent examiner. This is also termed patent-prosecution process.