Quasi-Suspect Classification Law and Legal Definition

Quasi-suspect classification is a statutory classification established on gender or legitimacy. In the context of an equal protection analysis, if a statute employs a quasi-suspect classification, such as gender or illegitimacy, then courts must apply intermediate scrutiny and ask whether the statute is substantially related to an important governmental interest. If the statute does not involve a suspect or quasi-suspect classification, then rational basis review applies, in which a court must ask whether the statute is rationally-related to a legitimate governmental interest. For example, a law permitting alimony for women and a law providing for an all male draft are quasi-suspect classification.