Selective Service System Law and Legal Definition

The Selective Service System administers the draft process for military service in the United States. A lottery based on birthdays determines the order in which registered men are called up by Selective Service. The first to be called, in a sequence determined by the lottery, will be men whose 20th birthday falls during that year, followed, if needed, by those aged 21, 22, 23, 24 and 25. 18-year-olds and those turning 19 would probably not be drafted.

In the case of a draft, some persons may be excluded from induction. Some of those excluded include:

  • Conscientious Objector- conscientiously opposed to both types (combatant and non-combatant) of military training and service - fulfills his service obligation as a civilian alternative service worker.
  • Conscientious Objector - conscientiously opposed to training and military service requiring the use of arms - fulfills his service obligation in a noncombatant position within the military.
  • Ministerial Students - deferred from military service.
  • Hardship Deferment - deferred from military service because service would cause hardship upon his family.
  • Alien or Dual National - sometimes exempt from military service.
  • Ministers of Religion - exempted from military service.