Senate Law and Legal Definition

Senate is the upper house of the bicameral U.S. Congress. The composition of the house is established in accordance with Article 1 of the U.S. constitution. Each U.S. state is represented by two senators. Representative to the senate are regardless of the population.

The senate is vested with certain exclusive powers. They are:

1. consenting to the treaties as a precondition to their ratification; and

2. consenting or confirmation of appointments of cabinet secretaries, federal judges and other federal executive officials.

The senate is a more deliberative body than the House of Representatives. The senate is considered as the most prestigious body because of its longer terms, smaller membership and larger constituencies.