Servient Estate Law and Legal Definition

Servient estate is a term used in property law to refer to real property which is subject to a use that benefits anoher property, such as an easement, right of way or use for access to an adjoining property or utility lines. The property giving usage is the servient estate, and the property which imposes the use on the servient estate is called the dominant estate.

Example: There is an easement on Parcel A that allows the owner of Parcel B to cross Parcel A for purpose of ingress and egress. Parcel B is the dominant estate since it receives the benefits. Parcel A is the servient estate since it provides the benefits.