Shelter and Halfway House Law and Legal Definition

Shelters and halfway houses exist in various cities and outlying areas due to a lack of sanitary, safe and affordable dwelling accommodations for persons of moderate and low income and persons who would otherwise be homeless. Persons of low and moderate income are forced to reside in and use unsafe and unsanitary dwellings and certain other persons are unable to afford any dwelling accommodations at all. Because these conditions cause an increase in and spread of disease and crime constitute a menace to the health, safety, morals and welfare of the citizens of the state, shelters and halway houses are established as a matter of public interest. The aim is to provide safe and sanitary housing for the low and moderate income citizens and shelter for homeless persons, to alleviate such conditions and to encourage economic development, to increase employment in housing construction and related businesses and to create and foster conditions suitable for the welfare and prosperity of all citizen.

Government and private funding assists in providing safe and sanitary shelters, halfway houses and emergency housing for the homeless and single and multi-family dwelling accommodations for citizens of low and moderate income. Shelters and halfway often face community opposition due to safety and other concerns, which are characterized as a "not in my back yard" or NIMBY mentality.