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The Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act (“Act”) is a federal legislation that is created for evading dual threats of soil erosion and agricultural overproduction. The purpose of the Act is to support farm income by making soil-conservation and soil-building payments to participating farmers. Accordingly, the Act also allows the government to pay farmers so that they can reduce production in order to conserve soil, prevent erosion, and accomplish other minor goals. In addition, the Act attempts to give adequate protection to sharecroppers and tenant farmers.
Under this Act, the following duties are entrusted upon the Secretary of Agriculture (“Secretary”) in order to effectuate the Act:
1.To conduct surveys, investigations and research relating to the character of soil erosion and the preventive measures needed;
2.To carry out preventive measures, including, but not limited to, engineering operations, methods of cultivation, the growing of vegetation, and changes in use of land;
3.To cooperate or enter into agreements with, or to furnish financial or other aid to, any agency, governmental or otherwise, or any person.
In Butler v. United States, 129 S. Ct. 171 (U.S. 2008), it was held that, the Act was passed in response to the Supreme Court's declaration that the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) was unconstitutional.