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Special population is a term thatis generally used to refer to a disadvantaged group. The precise definition will vary by entity and jurisdiction. It may refer to individuals who are disabled. Under federal law, the term "individual with a disability" means an individual with any disability as defined in section 3 of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. The term "disability" means with respect to an individual (A) a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities of such individual; (8) a record of such an impairment; or (C) being regarded as having such impairment. Individuals from economically disadvantaged families, including foster children. Depending on the context and entity involved, it may encompass many other individuals, such as single parents, medically vulnerable children, homeless individuals, those with severe mental disturbances, and others.
Pursuant to 42 USCS § 254c-16 (3) [Title 42. The Public Health and Welfare; Chapter 6A. The Public Health Service; General Powers and Duties; Primary Health Care; Health Centers], the term special populations refer to “the following 2 distinct groups:
(A) Children and adolescents in mental health underserved rural areas or in mental health underserved urban areas.
(B) Elderly individuals located in long-term care facilities in mental health underserved rural or urban areas.”