Special Session Law and Legal Definition

As used in Parliamentary law, special session refers to a legislative session, usually called by the executive that meets outside its regular term to consider a specific issue or to reduce backlog. It can be called to complete unfinished tasks for the year such as outlining the government's budget for the next fiscal year, biennium, or other period. Special sessions may also be called during an economic crisis to cut the budget. In the U.S, Article II Section III of the United States Constitution gives the U.S President the power to "on extraordinary occasions, convene both Houses and either of them."