Specific Jurisdiction Law and Legal Definition

Specific jurisdiction refers to jurisdiction that arises from the defendant having certain minimum contacts with the forum state so that the court may hear a case whose issues arise from those minimum contacts. The defendant in the case could be an individual or a business. A minimum contacts claim is stronger when it relates directly to the purpose of the contacts. Specific jurisdiction may also apply if a defendant owns property in the area where the case is filed, even if s/he does not live there.