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Spot zoning is a provision in a general zoning plan which benefits a single parcel of land by creating an allowed use for that parcel that is not allowed for the surrounding properties in the area. Because of implications of favoritism, spot zoning is not favored practice. A less controversial zoning practice is granting a zoning variance to an existing commercial business, allowing a non-conforming use for the time being, or a grandfathered right to continue a use existing when the zoning plan was adopted and which will terminate if the building is torn down.
Whether the exception applied to a single property is reasonable and supported by the facts, often turns on public interest, the effect the spot zoning has on the current uses of neighboring properties, and any ramifications created by the zoning.