Statute of Descent and Distribution Law and Legal Definition

Statute of descent and distribution is an Ohio statute that determines how the property of a deceased person is to be distributed where the decedent did not have a will. In general, the statute favors the nearest relatives surviving the deceased. Priority is given to the decedent's surviving spouse, children, and the children's descendants; then the decedent's parents; then the decedent's brothers and sisters; then grandparents; then any kin. If there is no surviving kin, the decedent's property passes, or escheats, to the state.