Strict Liability Law and Legal Definition

Strict liability is a tort law concept that imposes liability for harm suffered without requiring proof of negligence. It is commonly used in product liability law. State statutes also may impose strict liability in other contexts, such as conditions or activities that are abnormally dangerous. Transporting explosives might be an example of such an activity for which strict liability is imposed. A few states have passed special statutes that impose strict liability for harm caused by domestic animals with no known dangerous propensities.

Products liability claims can be based on negligence, strict liability, or breach of warranty of fitness depending on the jurisdiction within which the claim is based. In a strict liabilty theory of liability, the degree of care exercised by the manufacturer is irrelevant, as long as the product is proven to be defective, they will be held liable for the harm resulting from the defect.