Subject Matter of the Action Law and Legal Definition

Subject matter of the action refers to the action or instance of soliciting. It is the physical facts, the things real or personal, the money, lands, and chattels in relation to which a suit is prosecuted. Subject matter of action is not the delict or wrong committed by the defendant. For example in a defamation action, the subject matter of the action is the allegedly slanderous statements made at the meeting. It is a fatal objection to the jurisdiction of the court when it has not cognizance of the subject-matter of the action.