Sustainable Development Law and Legal Definition

Sustainable development refers to maintaining a delicate balance between the human need to improve lifestyles and preserving natural resources and ecosystems, on which future generations depend. In short, it is development which meets the present needs without compromising the ability of the future generation’s to meet their needs. It aims to balance between human needs and environment protection. Sustainable development is well being of mankind by integrating three activities.

1. Economic growth

2. Social development

3.Environmental protection

The concept of sustainable development was introduced by United Nations in 1987 in Brundtland report. The goal of sustainable development is to permanently improve the living conditions of human beings; social and economic developments must be carried out in a way that is environmentally and ecologically sound; ensuring the availability of natural resources for future generations.

The U.S. government has undertaken many initiatives to promote sustainable development. Sustainable development is recognized as a right in the U.S.

Many organizations and institutions in the U.S. are dedicated to education for sustainable development. Since sustainable development is a fundamental right under international law, the courts adequately recognize sustainable development as a basic right in the U.S.