United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime Law and Legal Definition

The U.N. Convention against Transnational Organized Crime or the UNTOC is a multilateral treaty that was adopted to promote cooperation to combat and prevent transnational organized crime. This treaty was adopted by the General Assembly resolution 55/25 of 15 November 2000. It came into force on 29 September 2003. It is also called the Palermo Convention.

This treaty is the main international instrument in the war against transnational organized crime. UNTOC includes three Protocols, which target specific areas and manifestations of organized crime:

The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children;

The Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air; and

The Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition.

All three of these instruments contain elements of the current international law on human trafficking. The convention and the protocols fall under the jurisdiction of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).