United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit Law and Legal Definition

This is an intermediate-level appellate court with jurisdiction to hear appeals in patent cases, various actions against the United States to recover damages, cases from the U.S. Court of Federal Claims, the U.S. Court of International Trade, the U.S. Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims, the Merit Systems Protection Board, and some administrative agencies. During the 1982 merger of the Court of Customs and Patent Appeals and the U.S. Court of Claims the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit was originated. The purposes of its creation was to put an end to forum-shopping in patent suits, to settle differences in patent-law doctrines among the circuits, and allow a single forum to develop the expertise needed to rule on complex technological questions that arise in patent suits.