United States Court of Federal Claims Law and Legal Definition

The United States Court of Federal Claims is a federal court that has jurisdiction over the monetary claims against the U.S. government. The court was recreated pursuant to Article I of the United States Constitution in October 1982, by the Federal Courts Improvement Act. The judges of the Court of Federal Claims serve for 15-year term and are eligible for reappointment. The court is constituted with sixteen judges who are nominated by the U.S. President and confirmed by the Senate.

The Court has original jurisdiction of the Court of Claims and equitable jurisdiction in the area of bid protests, as well as jurisdiction in vaccine compensation. The Court also has jurisdiction to hear money claims founded upon the Constitution, federal statutes, executive regulations, or contracts, express or implied-in-fact, with the U.S.