United States Geological Survey Law and Legal Definition

The United States Geological Survey is a unit of the U.S. Department of the Interior. The United States Geological Survey is responsible for preparing and publishing maps, technical reports, and fact sheets, and for compiling information about energy and mineral resources and the use and quality of the nation's water resources. The United States Geological Survey serves the Nation by providing reliable scientific information to describe and understand the Earth; minimize loss of life and property from natural disasters; manage water, biological, energy, and mineral resources; and enhance and protect our quality of life.