United States Sentencing Commission Law and Legal Definition

The United States Sentencing Commission (“Commission”) is an independent agency of the judicial wing of the U.S. federal government. The Commission was created pursuant to the Sentencing Reform Act provisions of the Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984.

The primary task of the Commission was to develop a uniform set of sentencing guidelines for the U.S. federal courts. The federal sentencing guidelines replaced the system of indeterminate sentencing by trial judges. The Commission also collects, distributes and analyzes information on topics related to federal crime and sentencing. Additionally, the Commission gives advice and assists Congress and the executive branch in the development of effective crime policies. It also serves as an information resource for Congress, the executive branch, the courts, criminal justice practitioners, the academic community, and the public.