Victim Law and Legal Definition

The Mandatory Victims Restitution Act of 1996, defines a victim as a person directly and proximately harmed as a result of the commission of an offense for which restitution may be ordered including, in the case of an offense that involves as an element a scheme, conspiracy, or pattern of criminal activity, any person directly harmed by the defendant's criminal conduct in the course of the scheme, conspiracy, or pattern. United States v. Metal Lathers Local 46 Pension Fund (In re Local #46 Metallic Lathers Union), 568 F.3d 81 (2d Cir. 2009)