Victimology Law and Legal Definition

Victimology is the scientific study of victimization, including the relationships between victims and offenders, victims and the criminal justice system, and victims and other social groups and institutions, such as the media, businesses, and social movements. Victimology studies victims of crimes and other forms of human rights violations that are not necessarily crime.

It is hoped that through an in-depth examination of victims, law enforcement officials can know the perpetrator a little better. It is believed that the victim's background may provide important information about past activities or lifestyle, possibly leading directly to the generation of a suspect.