Viva Voce Law and Legal Definition

Viva voce is a Latin term that means ‘by voice.’ In evidence, the term refers to evidence which is given orally to a court by a witness' word of mouth.

In parliamentary procedure, a viva voce vote stands for a vote taken by word of mouth, distinguished from a written vote. Statutes provide that in all elections by the General Assembly, or either House thereof, the members shall vote 'viva voce,' and their votes thus given shall be entered upon the Journal of the House to which they respectively belong. [State v. Shaw, 9 S.C. 94 (S.C. 1878)].