Vivisection Law and Legal Definition
Vivisection is the surgery conducted on a living animal for experimental purposes. It is an operation that is performed on living organism for purposes other than healing. Generally, vivisection is performed on animals with a central nervous system in order to view its living internal structure.
People opposing animal experimentation use this term with a negative connotation. To them, vivisection implies torture, suffering, and death. Vivisection may be performed to test cosmetic, personal care, and household products. It is also performed for scientific purposes, drug testing.
In the U.S, the Animal Welfare Act of 1966, and certain other state laws regulate the conditions under which animals may be used in laboratories. States such as California, New Jersey, and New York make it unlawful for a manufacturer or contract testing facility to use animals when an appropriate non-animal alternative test method has been validated.
The following is an example of a state law (New Jersey) on animal testing.
N.J. Stat. § 4:22-59. Animal testing prohibited under certain circumstances.
a. When conducting any product testing in the State, no manufacturer or contract testing facility shall use a traditional animal test method for which there is an appropriate validated alternative test method that has been adopted by the relevant federal agency or agencies responsible for regulating the specific product or activity for which the test is being conducted, pursuant to the provisions of the federal "ICCVAM Authorization Act of 2000," 42 U.S.C. § 285l-2 et seq. No provision of this subsection shall be construed to apply to any animal test conducted for the purposes of medical research.
b. No provision of this section shall prohibit the use of any nonanimal alternative test method for the testing of any product, product formulation, chemical, or ingredient that is not recommended by the committee.
c. No provision of this section shall prohibit the use of animal tests to comply with the requirements of State or federal agencies when the federal agency has approved a nonanimal alternative test method pursuant to subsection a. of this section and the federal agency concludes that the nonanimal alternative test does not assure the health or safety of consumers.
Legal Definition list
- Viva Voce
- Vitium Reale
- Vitium Est Quod Fugi Debet, Ne, Si Rationem Non Invenias, Mox Legem Sine Ratione Esse Clames
- Vitium Clerici Nocere Non Debet
- Vitious Intromission
- Vix Ulla Lex Fieri Potest Quae Omnibus Commoda Sit, Sed Si Majori Parti Prospiciat, Utilis Est
- Vocational College
- Vocational Education
- Vocational Education Act