Voting Trust Law and Legal Definition
A voting trust is a device for combining the voting power of shareholders. It is not unlawful for shareholders to combine their voting stock for the election of directors so as to obtain or continue the control or management of a corporation. Some state laws limit the duration of voting trusts to a period of a certain number of years.
There are various situations in which a voting trust agreement may be used. It may be used when several shareholders wish to vote their respective stock as a unit. It also may be used for the special purpose of protecting corporate creditors. The general plan of a voting trust is controlled by the voting trust agreement, then the shareholders endorse their stock certificates to the voting trustee. The voting trustee surrenders these certificates to the corporation and the voting trustee receives in return new certificates issued in the name of the voting trustee, and the voting trustee votes the shares as principal, rather than as agent as in the case of proxies.