Warrant in Debt Law and Legal Definition

A warrrant in debt is a summons to a defendant to appear in court because they are being sued for a debt. For example, in Virginia’s General District Court, the most common means to initiate a claim is the Summons for Warrant in Debt. However, the warrant in debt provides only limited information and therefore is a notice-based pleading. Along with the bill of particulars, the warrant in debt makes the pleading fact-based. A warrant in debt is the initial filing to start a garnnishment proceeding in some jurisdictions.